The Development Monitoring and Evaluation Office (DMEO) was constituted in September 2015 by merging the erstwhile Program Evaluation Office (PEO) and the Independent Evaluation Office (IEO). It is an attached office under NITI Aayog, aimed at fulfilling the organization’s monitoring and evaluation (M&E) mandate and building the M&E ecosystem in India.
According to the Cabinet Note that constitutes NITI Aayog, the organization is entrusted with development M&E functions including: (i) to monitor progress and efficacy of strategic and long term policy and programme frameworks and initiatives to help innovative improvements, including necessary mid-course corrections; and (ii) to actively monitor and evaluate the implementation of programmes and initiatives, including the identification of the needed resources so as to strengthen the probability of success and scope of delivery.
DMEO has been mandated to actively monitor and evaluate the implementation of Government of India (GoI) programmes and initiatives so as to strengthen their implementation and scope of delivery on an ongoing basis. Additionally, DMEO undertakes evaluation of selected programmes/schemes, suo-moto or on the request of the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) or programme implementing Ministries/ Departments of the Government of India.
As a part of NITI Aayog, DMEO has advisory powers across the Ministries and Departments of the Union Government, and is one of the few institutions within the government to provide a cross- and inter-ministerial perspective. Its mandate also expands to technical advisory to States, under NITI Aayog’s mandate of cooperative and competitive federalism. DMEO also has the ability to share reports and reviews directly with key decision makers in the government to initiate action. This institutional positioning also gives the organization convening power, to create a platform for M&E advancement in the country.