Monitoring refers to the continuous process of assessing progress of a scheme/project towards defined objectives and goals. It involves identification of relevant indicators and their data sources, periodic data collection and real-time processing of information for reviewing the implementation of a scheme/project. This information may also form the basis for future evaluations. Effective monitoring is the key to ensuring transparency and accountability in seamless implementation and program delivery to the intended beneficiaries.
Monitoring and Evaluation are both key processes in policy making by linking interventions with their outcomes/impacts and ensuring the objectives are achieved as planned. Both these processes focus on improving performance by identifying outputs, outcomes and impact, setting goals for each of them and measuring the achievements against the defined goals. This information can provide insights into whether a scheme/project is on track in the right direction, how the various elements of a scheme/project are working, and which of these need to be re-considered or modified; thereby, allowing for mid-course correction during scheme implementation and future improvements. More importantly, monitoring and evaluation are critical to ensure maximum effectiveness of public investments.