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UNDP defines evaluation as “a rigorous and independent assessment of either completed or ongoing activities to determine the extent to which they are achieving stated objectives and contributing to decision making” . Evaluations involve systematic and objective assessments of an on-going or completed programme, including the design, implementation and results with the aim to determine its effectiveness, impact and sustainability. Evaluations rely on the baselines and information provided through monitoring and involve more extensive analysis to understand the outcomes and impacts of a scheme/project. The insights from evaluations are also useful when planning and designing new interventions


Monitoring and Evaluation are both key processes in policy making by linking interventions with their outcomes/impacts and ensuring. Both these processes focus on improving performance by identifying outputs, outcomes and impact, setting goals for each of them and measuring the achievements against the defined goals. This information can provide insights into whether a scheme/project is on track in the right direction, how the various elements of a scheme/project are working, and which of these need to be re-considered or modified;